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What to do if You Receive a Federal Grand Jury Target Letter

The first contact to a Defendant in a health care fraud case is usually by way of a Grand Jury target letter. This letter informs you that “you are the target of a Grand Jury involving possible violations of Federal criminal law.” The letter will describe the matter under investigation, such as 18 U.S.C. Section 1347 (Health Care Fraud) or 18 U.S.C. section 1349 (Conspiracy to Commit Health Care Fraud) and possibly 21 U.S.C. 841 and 846 (Drug Trafficking or prescribing without a legitimate medical purpose).

Once you receive this letter, you can be certain that the Federal Government has begun an extensive investigation into your practice, Medicare billing, and prescribing practices. The Grand Jury target letter notifies you that if you have retained a lawyer, he/she should contact the Trial Attorney or Assistant U.S. Attorney assigned to the case. It is important that you contact an experienced Health Care Fraud firm such as Chapman Law Group so that your attorney may investigate the case, contact the Government, and if necessary, negotiate with the Government before an indictment is rendered. Failure to contact an attorney immediately could impact your ability to achieve a favorable outcome at the early stage of the case. Often, other co-defendants have received the same letter and may execute agreements to cooperate with the Government in favor of a substantial reduction in jail time, forfeitures, and fines. Occasionally, early investigation of the issue can even prevent an indictment by showing the Government that your billing practices or prescribing practices were acceptable.

The target letter also informs you that if you are indigent, you can seek a Court appointed attorney. However, you should be aware that you will only receive a Court appointed attorney if the following conditions apply:

1. You are indigent, meaning you cannot afford an attorney, and
2. You are actually arrested and/or charged with a crime, or
3. A Grand Jury is convened and you are called to testify before a Grand Jury.18 U.S.C. §3006A(a)(1). (See the Eastern District of Michigan CJA Plan for additional guidelines)

This is rarely the case in Health Care Fraud conspiracy cases, and you will not receive a Court appointed attorney merely because you received a Grand Jury target letter.

If a Grand Jury is convened, you may be called as a witness to testify. However, the 5th Amendment to the U.S. Constitution mandates that you cannot be compelled to testify against yourself. You and your attorney will look closely at the evidence and determine whether or not testifying is in your best interest.

If you received a Grand Jury target letter alleging Health Care Fraud, it is imperative you contact an experienced Health Care Fraud attorney today. Our team of Health Care Fraud experts specialize in defending Health Care Fraud matters and have defended physicians, pharmacists, home health care companies, and other health professionals across the nation with great results. Put our team to work for you today. Call Chapman Law Group at (248) 644-6326.